Jewish Practice Mitzvahs & Traditions Prayer Jewish Prayers Grace After Meals Birkat Hamazon: Grace After Bread (Bentching). Birkat Hamazon or Birkat Hammazon known in English as the Grace After Meals is a set of Hebrew blessings that Jewish Halakha (“collective body of Jewish. Birkat Hamazon can be said sitting at the same table or in view of the same table where the meal was eaten. At weddings or Shabbat meals, it is often said.

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This benediction is recited over foods which are preceded by the benedictions boreh pri haetz, boreh pri ha’adamah or shehakol O. Hymn for Shabbat Day. Psalm 27 Avinu Malkeinu Selichot. This benediction was added around C. Some practice it as a binding halachahothers as an optional custom, and others do not practice it at all. If one forgets al ha-Nissimone does not repeat Birkat Hamazon, although one recites a special Harachaman toward the very end, followed by the paragraph Bimeiwhich describes the respective holidays.

This page was last edited on 24 Decemberat According to Halakha when a minimum of three men eat bread as part of a meal together they are obligated to form a mezuman a “prepared gathering” with the addition of a few extra opening words whereby one man “invites” the others to join him in birkat hamazon.

Grace itself then follows. Although the Talmud states that women are obligated to say birkat hamazon and that accordingly, three women can constitute a zimmun and lead it Berachot 45blater authorities, such as Maimonides and the Mishnah Hirkatheld that women were birkxt from leading a zimmun on grounds that women were not generally sufficiently educated to know how.

When one hundred are present, the leader says “Blessed is HaShem our God, of Whose we have eaten and of Whose goodness we have lived”, and brkat group responds “Blessed is HaShem our God, of Whose we birkta eaten, and of Whose goodness we have lived. The passage ends with oseh shalomthe prayer for peace, which has special significance in the Birkar Hamazon.

The leader calls the people together with rabotai n’varechand they respond with yehi shem adonai m’voach meatah v’ad olam.


Articles needing additional ahmazon from September All articles needing additional references Pages using deprecated image syntax Articles containing Yiddish-language text.

Birkat Hamazon

Hebrew words and phrases Jewish prayer and ritual texts Jewish blessings Positive Mitzvoth. Archived from the original on 2 April Such authorities disagree, however, on the appropriateness of women leading a zimmun in the presence of men or of three men.

A Zimmun of 10 is called a Zimmun B’Shem. Birkat hamazon is typically read to oneself after ordinary meals and often sung aloud on special occasions such as the Shabbat and festivals.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The Torahfollowed by the Talmudprescribes a benediction after eating as well Deut. Blessing over Bread Ha’Motzi. When three or more adults have eaten together and each one has to recite the Grace after meals, a formal invitation to say Grace is said M.

Grace After Meals

On Hanukkah and Purim al ha-Nissim is added to the middle of the second blessing. Birkat Hazan praises God for providing food for all. Before the closing formula, there is an insertion for Sabbaths, Rosh Chodesh, or festivals. In liberal branches of Judaism, there is no standard text to be recited and customs vary accordingly.

Prayer for the Ahmazon. A minority of Modern Orthodox authorities, citing earlier authorities including Meiri, Sefer HaMeorot and the Shiltei HaGibborim, also hold that 10 women can or should constitute a minyan for purposes of saying Zimmun B’Shem for birkat hamazon.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. The first and simplest is baruch atah adonai eloheinu melech haolam boreh n’fashot rabot v’chesronan al kol ma shebarata l’hachayot bahem nefesh kol chai, baruch chat haolamim.

There are three forms of the Grace after meals:.

On the Sabbath a special prayer, retzehis insetted before u’vneh. When those present at the meal form a minyan a quorum of ten adult Jewish men there are further additions to the invitation.

At the conclusion of birkat hamazona further seven special blessings are recited. The closing sentence again indicates what food was eaten. Then follows a summary of the benedictions in the longer Grace after meals.


The length of the different Birkat hamazon can vary considerably, from benching under half a minute to more than 5 minutes. Jewish Theological Seminary of America Before the actual Grace is bifkat an introductory psalm is said.

The first paragraph of the Birkat.

If this is also forgotten, then at the first two meals of Shabbat and major holidays with the possible exception of the Rosh Hashanah day mealone must repeat the entire Birkat Hamazon. Blessing for Affixing a Mezuza. The people respond with baruch sheachalnu mishelo uv’tuvo chayinu.

Jewish Prayers: Grace After Meals

It contains the four essential blessings in a somewhat shortened form, with fewer preliminaries and additions. This invitation is called a zimmun. Psalmeponymously called Shir Hama’alot Song of Ascentswhich expresses the Jewish hope of return to Zion following birkqt final redemption, is widely recited by Ashkenazi Jews before Birkat Hamazon on ShabbatJewish holidaysand other days on which the penitential Tachanun prayer is not recited.

A number of Modern Orthodox authorities [7] have held that because of improvements in women’s religious education women can now do so, and some say that they are now obligated to. An additional abbreviated form of birkat hamazon in Ladino, called Ya Comimosmay also be said.

It is held that this, though a chovah duty[9] is not yamazon mitzvah a commandmentas the practice was instituted for health reasons specifically, to avoid the danger of touching the eyes with harmful salts. Birkat Hamazon or Birkat Hammazon Hebrew: If a Kohen is present he should be given the honor O.

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Accordingly, birkt forming a zimmun and leading birkat hamazon has become increasingly common in Modern Orthodox circles. The shortened Grace may be used when brevity is desired. AbrahamIsaacJacobMoses and Joshua will all claim unworthiness to lead the grace and the Cup of Blessing will pass to King Davidwho will accept the honour. Birkat Hamazon is made up of four blessings.

Blessing for Putting on a Tallit.